History

The offices of U.S. Marshal and Deputy Marshals were created more than 200 years ago by the first Congress in the Judiciary Act of 1789, the same legislation that established the federal judicial system. The Marshals were given extensive authority to support the federal courts within their judicial districts and to carry out all lawful orders issued by judges, Congress, or the President.

The Marshals and their Deputies served the subpoenas, summonses, writs, warrants, and other process issued by the courts, made all the arrests, and handled all the prisoners. They also disbursed the money.

The Marshals paid the fees and expenses of the court clerks, U.S. Attorneys, jurors, and witnesses. They rented the courtrooms and jail space and hired the bailiffs, criers, and janitors. They made sure the prisoners were present, the jurors were available, and the witnesses were on time.

But this was only a part of what the Marshals did. When George Washington set up his first administration and the first Congress began passing laws, both quickly discovered an inconvenient gap in the constitutional design of the government. It had no provision for a regional administrative structure stretching throughout the country. Both the Congress and the executive branch were housed at the national capitol. No agency was established or designated to represent the federal government's interests at the local level. The need for a regional organization quickly became apparent. Congress and the President solved part of the problem by creating specialized agencies, such as customs and revenue collectors, to levy the tariffs and taxes. Yet, there were numerous other jobs that needed to be done. The only officers available to do them were the Marshals and their Deputies.

Thus, the Marshals also provided local representation for the federal government within their districts. They took the national census every 10 years through 1870. They distributed Presidential proclamations, collected a variety of statistical information on commerce and manufacturing, supplied the names of government employees for the national register, and performed other routine tasks needed for the central government to function effectively. Over the past 200 years, Congress and the President also have called on the Marshals to carry out unusual or extraordinary missions, such as registering enemy aliens in time of war, capturing fugitive slaves, sealing the American border against armed expeditions from foreign countries, and swapping spies with the former Soviet Union.

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USMS NEWS

06-28-2017

June 26, 2017 - The U.S. Marshals Service is asking for the public’s assistance in apprehending... Read more

06-27-2017

June 26, 2017 - The United States Marshals Service added John Sena to the New Mexico’s Most... Read more

06-27-2017

June 26, 2017 - On 6/23/2017 wanted Fugitive Hoyt Lynn Inman was spotted entering the Mesilla... Read more

06-27-2017

June 26, 2017 - Last Thursday night, “Fugitive of the Week,” Ryan Faulconer, was arrested by the... Read more

06-27-2017

June, 23, 2017 - The U.S. Marshals Service-led task force in the Eastern District of North... Read more

06-19-2017

June 15, 2017 - The U.S. Marshals Service is offering up to a $2,000 reward for information... Read more

06-19-2017

June 15, 2017 - The U.S. Marshals Service for the District of New Mexico has been conducting... Read more

06-19-2017

June 15, 2017 - The U.S. Marshals Service for the Eastern District of Tennessee announced today... Read more

06-19-2017

June 15, 2017 - Today, U.S. Marshal Martin J. Pane announced the arrest of Marlenea Uravage in... Read more

06-19-2017

June 15, 2017 - Today, U.S. Marshal Martin J. Pane announced that the United States Marshals... Read more

Meet The Marshals